Antonio Sciarretta's Toponymy
Common remarks: the place-names have been put in the nominative case, an asterisk * means not attested, reconstructed form. The late place-names of probable Latin origin have not been included. The IE roots are in the form given by Pokorny's Indogermanische W÷rterbuch. The links will be active when the single pages will be published, see the main page. For any comment, suggestion, email me.
In the interior, at least two linguistic strata may be identified. The first is characterized by a typical shift of the stop consonant, with the IE voiced aspirated becoming voiceless and the voiceless becoming voiceless aspirated, e.g., *dh>t, *t>th. Other features of this stratum can be only guessed. For the archaicity of the language and its distribution over the whole Sicily it could be attributed to the Sicani who, according to the classical sources, moved from Southern Italy.
Another stratum appears to be particularly similar to Latin, both in placenames and in the few words we know from inscription, glosses, etc. It is likely the language of the Siculi, of the Western Italic branch.
Also found in the Western part of Sicily are names of Punic origin.